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英语句子成分和英语句子结构讲解

时间:2012-12-29 17:44 来源:建通教育中考资讯网 编辑:井林英 点击:
英语句子成分和英语句子结构讲解
1. 主语(subject): 句子说明的人或事物。
The sun rises in the east.          (名词)    He likes dancing.  (代词)
Twenty years is a short time in history. (数词)     Seeing is believing. (动名词)      
To see is to believe.           (?#27426;?#24335;)     What he needs is a book. (主语从句)
It is very clear that the elephant is round and tall like a tree. 
(It形式主语,主语从句是真正主语)
2. 谓语(predicate): 说明主语的动作、状态和特征。
We study English.                       He is asleep.    
3. 表语(predicative): 系动词之后的成分,表示主语的性质、状态和特征。
He is a teacher.     (名词)       Seventy-four! You don’t look it. (代词)
Five and five is ten. (数词)        He is asleep.               (形容词) 
His father is in.     (副词)       The picture is on the wall.    ( 介词短语)
My watch is gone / missing / lost.                  (形容词化的分词)
To wear a flower is to say “I’m poor, I can’t buy a ring. (?#27426;?#24335;)
The question is whether they will come.              (表语从句)
(常见的系动词有: be, sound(听起来), look(看起来)feel(摸起来)smell(闻起来), taste(尝、吃起来), remain(保持,仍是)  feel(感觉) ...
It sounds a good idea.              The sound sounds strange.
Her voice sounds sweet.            Tom looks thin.
The food smells delicious.          The food tastes good.
The door remains open.            Now I feel tired.
4. 宾语:1)动作的承受者-----动宾
I like China. (名词)               He hates you. (代词)
How many do you need? We need two. (数词)
We should help the old and the poor.     I enjoy working with you.  (动名词)
I hope to see you again.  (?#27426;?#24335;)   Did you write down what he said? (宾语从句)
    2) 介词后的名词、代词和动名词-----介宾
Are you afraid of the snake?           Under the snow, there are many rocks.
    3) 双宾语-----间宾(指人)和直宾(指物)
He gave me a book yesterday.         Give the poor man some money.
5. 宾补:对宾语的补充,全称为宾语补足语。
We elected him monitor.   (名词) We all think it a pity that she didn’t come here. (名)
We will make them happy. (形容词)     We found nobody in.  ( 副词 )
Please make yourself at home. 介词短语) Don’t let him do that. (省to?#27426;?#24335;)
His father advised him to teach the lazy boy a lesson. (带to?#27426;?#24335;)
Don’t keep the lights burning. (现在分词) I’ll have my bike repaired. (过去分词) 
6. 定语:修饰或限制名词或代词的词、词组或句子。
Ai Yanling is a chemistry teacher.(名词)  He is our friend. (代词)
We belong to the third world.   (数词) 
He was advised to teach the lazy boy a lesson.(形容词)
The man over there is my old friend.(副词) 
The woman with a baby in her arms is my sister. (介词)
The boys playing football are in Class 2.   (现在分词)
The trees planted last year are growing well now. (过去分词)   
I have an idea to do it well. (?#27426;?#24335;)
You should do everything that I do.    (定语从句)
7. 状语:用来修饰v., adj., adv., or 句子。
表示时间、地点、原因、目的、结果、程度、条件、方式和让步。  
(以下例句按上述?#25215;?#25490;列)
数据统计中!!
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