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主谓一致及倒装

时间:2012-12-29 18:20 来源:建通教育中考资讯网 编辑:井林英 点击:
中考英语 之 主谓一致和倒装句
1.       and和both---and---连接两个主语时,谓语用复数。
例:Both Lucy and Lily are students.  Lily和Lucy两个都是学生。
2.       不定代词either/ each/ every 和复合不定代词作主语时,谓语用单数。neither和none作主语时,谓语用单数复数都可以。
例:Each boy has a new book. 每个孩子都有一本新书。
There is something wrong with your bike. 你的自行车有毛病。
3.       主语后接有with, along with, together with, except, but连接另一个主语时,谓语动词与最前面的主语保持一致。
例:Mr Green with his wife is coming to Beijing. 格 林先生和他的妻子一起将来?#26412;?br /> No one but I knows the thing. 除了我,没有人知道那件事。
All except Harry have passed the driving test. 除了Harry,所有人都通过了驾驶考试。
4.       either---or---  或者---,或者---,     neither---nor--- 两者都不,
not only--- but also---不但---,而且---,   not---but---, 不是---,而是---,    or 或者,
以上这些词连接两个主语时,谓语动词与最近的主语保持一致。
例:Neither her sister nor Mary is going to the park tomorrow. (is和最近的主语Mary保持一致)
Not only my parents but also I am interested in sports. (am和最近的主语I 保持一致)
5.       集体名词family, team, class, group作主语时,如果表示整体,谓语动词用单数;如果表示个体成?#20445;?#35859;语动词用复数。
例:My family is a small one with 3 people. 我家是一个三口之家的小家庭。
My family are watching TV now. 我全家人现在正在看电视。
6.       时间,金钱,非谓语动词作主语,谓语动词用单数。
例:Three years is a long time. (时间)
Fifteen yuan is given to Mr Green. (金钱)
Reading in the sun is bad for your eyes. (动词ing)
To see is to believe. (不定式)
7.       A pair of shoes is on the table. 一双鞋子在桌上。(谓语动词用单数)
Two pairs of shoes are on the table. 两双鞋子在桌上。(谓语动词用复数)
8.       The teacher and writer is coming to our school. 那位老师兼作家将来我们学校。(同一个人)
The teacher and the writer are coming to our school. 那位老师和那位作家将来我们学校。(两个人)

9.       以so, neither开头的倒装句
  例:Jim watched TV last night. So did I.   吉姆看了电视。我?#37096;?#20102;  (提到吉姆和我2人)
   ------ Jim watched TV last night.
------ So he did.  吉姆看了电视。------他(吉姆)是看了  (只提到吉姆1人)
   Jim didn’t watch TV last night. Neither (=Nor) did I.   吉姆没看电视。我也没?#30784;?br /> 10.   表示“某地?#25509;些?rdquo; 用There be------  句型。
  There is a book on the desk.
  There are some books on the table.
There is some water in the cup.
  There is a pen, a book and some pencils on the desk.
  There are two glasses of water on the desk.
  There is going to be a film tomorrow. =There will be a film tomorrow.
  There was a film yesterday.   
  There used to be a school there.
11.   There be 的四个基本句型
肯定句:There is some milk in the glass.   否定句:There is not any milk in the glass.
一般疑问句:Is there any milk in the glass?   Yes, there is.  No, there isn’t.
特殊疑问句:What is there in the glass?
12.   表示“某个人有---”,用have, has
例:They have some books.   (主语不是第三人称单数,用have)
She has a book. (主语是第三人称单数,用has)
13.   基本句型的构成:
否定句:   They don’t have any books.      She doesn’t have a book.
一般疑问句: Do they have any books?      Does she have a book?
     Yes, they do.  No, they don’t.     Yes, she does.  No, she doesn’t.
特殊疑问句:What do they have?        What does she have?

主谓一致练习:
1.         There ________ a lot of rain in this area in August every year.    A. is B. are C. was D. were
数据统计中!!
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