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初中英语常见动词用法汇总

时间:2013-03-29 13:11 来源:建通教育中考资讯网 编辑:duyuanzhen 点击:
动  词  汇  总
1.accept vt.&vi. ?#37038;埽?#21516;意
   receive 收到(但不一定?#37038;埽?br /> 2.add vt.&vi. 添加,加
   add in 算入; 包括
add to增加, 加到
add up 加起来, 总计; 和预期产总数相等;
add up to总计共达; (总起来看)等于说; 意味着
 
7.advise vt. 劝告,建议,通知
advice un.建议
a piece of advice
advise sb. to do sth . 建议……做……
8.afford vt. 负担得起,买得起,提供
   afford time/money (动词前往往有情态动词can或can’t)
9. agree vt.&vi. 同意,赞成
agree like cats and dogs 水火不相容
agree to do    同意做……。
agree with同意...的意见; 与...一致; 对...适合
11.allow vt. 准许     allowance   
   allow doing     允许做……
   allow  sb. to do 允许某人做……
   be allowed to do   被允许做……
13.arrive vi. 到达    n arrival
arrive at/in 到达(目的地); 达到, 得出(结论等)(没有明确地点arrive)
=get to = reach (够到……,达到某种水平或数字)
14.ask vt. 询问,请求,要求
ask sb. for sth 要; 请求, 征求 要(价) 找
ask sb. (not) to do sth.
15.avoid vt.避免,撤销
avoid doing 避免做某事
17. wake v. 醒
 wake up 醒来
e.g. James usually wakes up early.
   wake sb up  叫醒……
e.g. My mother wakes me up at six o’clock.
辨析:

    wake多用于不及物动词
    waken只用于及物动词
    awake指唤醒(意志……) ?#37096;?#20026;adj指清?#35757;?br />
21.become    v. 变得 成为
表变化的系动词  become  be  get  go
22.begin  v.  开始  在完成时态中须变成be on
begin with  以…开始
begin to do/doing  开始做…
to begin with  首先 第一
  To begin with, he is too young.
    Well begun is half done . 良好的开端是成功的一半。
29. borrow   v.  借
borrow sth. from sb. 向某人借某物
   lend sb. sth = lend sth to sb 把某物借给某人
   keep sth for some time 借多长时间
30.break   v. 打破 违反
break the rules= be against the rules
break down  (机器等)坏了 车抛锚
break into  破门而入
break out   (火灾,水灾等)发生
n. 休息  have a break
31.breathe   v.  呼吸
breathe in/out    吸入/呼出
breath   n.  呼吸
 out of breath   气喘吁吁
 hold one’s breath 屏住呼吸
 take a deep breath  深呼吸
32.build     v.  建造
build up  确立 树立;促进(身体康复)
34.buy     v.  买
buy sth. for sb.=buy sb sth
have sth for some time 买了多长时间
35.call     v.叫,叫做,打电话 n.电话 叫喊声
make a phone call to sb  给……打电话
call for要求
call off 取消
call in 召集
call at 访问(某处)  (车船等)停靠(某地).
call on  (1).访问(sb.),(2).号召;要求
call back  (1).回电话;(2).召回,叫回来
call up  (1).打电话 (2).使人想起
39. carry  v.携带, 搬运
carry on sth ?#37038;?br /> carry on (with sth/doing sth)继续
carry out 开展, 实现, 完成, 进行到底 贯彻, 执行, 落实
40. catch
v.捉[逮, 截]住, 捕获,赶上(车、船等)领悟, 听清, 了解, 理会
catch up with追上, 赶上,
Speak slowly please,I can’t catch you .
44. change  n.改变, 变化, 转变, ?#19968;?#30340;零钱 v.改变, 变革, 改造, ?#19968;?br /> change one's mind 改变某人主意
change into 变成.翻译成
Here is your change.   这是?#19968;?#30340;零钱。
Great changes have taken place in my hometown since I left .
48.cheer  n.愉快  v. (使)快活, (对)欢呼    cheerful  adj 高兴的,欢呼的
cheer up   欢呼,振作
cheer sb. up   使……振作起来
cheers ! 干杯!Here’s to ……   为了……
52.clean    adj.清洁的, 干净的, 清白的v.打扫, 使干净, 清扫
clean/clear/tidy  up 收拾干净
   keep the room tidy and clean
          Eg  Did you get your copy of “China Daily” today?
58.cost  ?#25285;换?#36153;(无被动式)
sth cost sb sm(to do)
sb spend money/time (in) doing sth./on +n.
sb pay money for sth
It take sb time to do sth
How much does it cost?=What is the price of it?
59.cough    vi ?#20154;?nbsp;     n ?#20154;裕豢人?#22768;
             have a cough
63.cross   v.穿过,渡过;
across  prep. 穿过 (表面)
through   prep. 通过 (中间)
    cross  adj. 生气的  Your mother will be cross if you are late.
               n.  十字架
crossing  n 十字路口
65. cut    v.切;坎;删除;减少;停止(供煤气、电等)
            cut down ?#36710;?br />             cut up  切开
            cut into pieces  切成碎片
n.切口,?#28193;耍?#20260;口;减少,降?#20572;?#20999;牌
67.end    v&n. 结束, 终结, 终止
       We play football when school ends.
in the end最终地;终于=at last=finally
       at the end of    在……的尽头/末尾
by the end of   到……时为止(后接过去的时间,用过去完成时)
70. examine v&n.检查, 调查, 考试
    look sb. over = examine sb
73.expect  vt.期待, 预期, 盼望, 指望,
expect (sb.) to do =look forward to doing
78.fall      fall off     从……跌落 =fall down from
fall in love(with)  (与……)坠入爱河
fall over   落在……?#24076;坏?#20498;  翻车
fall behind   落后
79.feed   ①feed on    以……为食物
②feed up    供给食物
3 be fed up with    厌倦了……
80.feel   ①feel like doing  想要做某事=would like to do = want to do
②作系动词,后加adj. 没有被动态
81.fetch  去取来=get
   take   拿走    take sb to sp /take sth with sb /take sb around sp
   bring    带来   bring sb sth = bring sth to sb
82.fight v&n  ①fight against sth.   与……抗争
②fight back     还击
③fight for      为……而战
83.fill    ①be filled with  ……里……充满……=be full of
②fill in        填写
84.find   ①find out       查出,查明(事情的真相)
            look for       寻找(?#24247;?#21160;作)
           find            找到 (?#24247;?#32467;果)
           search sb for sth  搜查某地找某物
②find+it+adj.+(for sb.)+to do sth.
85.finish    finish doing    完成做某事
 
91.forget  v. 忘记  forgetful adj 健忘的
   forget to do 忘记去做某事
  forget doing 忘记做过某事
92.freeze  v.  冻结?#27719;?#20303;   freezing adj 极冷的
   Smile froze on his face .
  He shouted , “Freeze!”  别动!

    get: 得到;到达;取来;变得;理解;准备(饭);  患 ;登?#24076;ǔ担?#39134;机等)

   get down: 写下,记下;咽下,拿下
   get to:    到达
   get on/off (a bus):   上/下?#25285;?br />    get into/out of(a car):   
   get together; 聚会,相聚
   get  up:    起床
   get in   收割
   get sth. done = have sth done
   get on well with
94.give: 给,交给,递给;赠?#20572;?#25552;供?#21796;?#20184;;举
   give sb. sth = give sth. to sb,
give in:    妥协,让步,屈服
give up doing/for sth: ?#29260;?#20570;某事
give sth back to sb:   把…归还给某人
95.go: 去;离开;变得;处于(某种状态);去某地        做某事
be gone: 离开了,消失了
go ahead: 做计划中的事情
go back to: 追溯到
go by: 经过;(时间)逝去
go for: 试图得到某物
go off: 中?#24076;唬?#38083;)大声响;爆炸
go on with/doing sth: 继续做某事
go on to do sth: 接着做某事(另外一件事)
go out: 出去;(火?#22351;疲?#29060;灭
go over: 仔细查看
go through:经历, 仔细检查
go bad   变?#25285;?#36136;)
96.grow: 长大;(植物)生长;种植;逐渐变成;(问题)变得更大/?#29616;?br /> grow up: 长大成人;(习惯、习俗)形成
bring up   抚养
grown-up: 成年的;大人
     grow vegetables 种蔬菜
     grow tall       长高
100.happen  v 发生
     happen to sb
     happen to do.
     Great changes have taken place in my hometown since 1999.
101.hate v 憎恨,厌恶
hate doing sth.
102.have  v 1)有
            2)使,让     have sb do
                       have sth. done
            3) (don’t) have to
            4) have done
103.hear v 听见 (?#24247;?#32467;果)
            1)hear sb. do
            2) hear sb. doing sth.
            3)hear from sb.
            4) hear of /about
            5)I’m sorry to hear that.
  listen to 听(?#24247;?#21160;作)
104.heat v. 加热   n 热量
105 help  v&n 帮助
         1)help sb. with sth
         2)help sb (to)do sth
         3) help oneself to + n.
         4) can’t helping
109.hope v. 希望
         hope to do
         hope that
         I hope so.
110. hurry v 匆忙
         hurry to do = do sth in a hurry
111 .imagine    v.     设想,猜想,想象
imagine doing sth  
   例:It’s hard to imagine living in a palace.
imagine that
   例:I magine that you’ve won a million pounds.
imagine someone doing sth
   例:I simply can’t imagine George helping with the baby!
n.     imagination   想象力
   adj.    imaginative   富有想象力的
112.improve   v.    改善,改进,提高
improve yourself   求上进的
n.     improvement    改进?#21796;?#27493;
   例:There has certainly been an improvement in his behavior.
114. increase    v./n.   增长
increase rapidly    增长迅速
increase by/to      增长了/到
adj.    increasing   增长的
   adv.    increasingly   越来越多的
反义词    v.    decrease    减少,降低   
116、insist    v.   坚持,?#24247;?br /> insist on doing sth/ n.
insist that  (坚持让别人做事用虚拟,should+v.  坚持自己做事无需用虚拟)
例:Tom insisted that he was mistaken.
       Tom insisted that everyone should come to the party .
119. invent   v.    发明  
n.  inventor   发明家     invention   发明
虚构;捏造    例: The  whole story was invented.
120. invite  v.    介绍
invite sb to sp
invite sb to do sth
n. 邀请;请柬    invitation   例:Did you get an invitation to the wedding.
121.join   连接;加入
join sb/team/club/Party/League/army
join (sb) in sth/doing sth 跟某人一起做某事
take part in the sports meeting
123.keep v. 保持
keep ……away ……
keep (sb.) doing
keep +adj.
keep sb from doing
    129. land    n. 陆地 v. 登陆
    by land   ?#38485;?#36335;     on land  在陆地上
124. last      adj. 最后的 adv.最后 v. ?#20013;?br />    last for  ?#20013;?#22810;久
   at last   最后 =in the end = finally
125. laugh    n.& vi.   笑  laughter 笑声
   laugh at sb  嘲笑某人
128. learn    学习
  learn to do  学着去做……
  learn about sth.  了解……
  learn from sb./ sth.  向……学习……
  learn sth by oneself= teach oneself sth
129. leave   离开
  leave for sp.  前往某地
  leave sp. for sp.  离开某地去某地
  leave sb. alone/ on one’s own/ by oneself  把某?#35828;?#29420;留在……
  leave sth. +prep. + sp.  把某物落在某地
  leave a message  留言
  We have a few minutes left .(作剩?#38470;玻?#24448;往用过去分词放在所修饰名词的后面)
  Leave +n +done/doing/adj   使…处于某种状态…
   He left the room ,leaving the window open .
130. lend     借出
   lend sb. sth.  把某物借给某人
  = lend sth. to sb.
 
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