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2013中考介词短语归纳

时间:2013-04-21 14:34 来源:建通教育中考资讯网 编辑:杜元珍(土门) 点击:
中考英语 100条重点短语归纳
1. ~ down:
put down放下  shut down把…关上 
cut down砍掉  come down下来、落下
slow down 减缓、放慢  sit down坐下
write down写下  get down下来,降落
2. after ~:
after all毕竟.终究  after that于是.?#32531;?/u>
day after day日复一日地 
one after another相继.挨次
soon after不久以后
the day after tomorrow后天
3. ~ up (with):
come up with找到、提出 
catch up with赶上  wake up弄醒、醒来
send up发射  open up开设、开办
grow up长大  pick up拾起、捡起
hands up举手  eat up吃光  clean up打扫干净
give up doing sth.=stop doing sth.放弃做某事
4.到达:
arrive at/in + n. (地方)
=get to +n. (地方)
=reach + n. (地方)
=arrive / get +adv. (地方)
5. ~ back:
get…back退还,送回去.取回  give back归还
come back回来  at the back of在…的后面
on the way (back)home在回家路上
6. at~ :
at least至少    at breakfast早餐时
at desk在桌前  at once立刻,马上
at school在上学  at the doctor’s在医务室
at work在工作  at night在晚上  at noon中午
be good at=do well in 善长  be bad at不善长
laugh at嘲笑  not…at all一点也不
at the age of岁时  at first起初
at last=in the end=finally最后、终于
at the beginning of (the 21st century)21世纪初   at the end of 终点、结尾
at Christmas在圣诞节  at the foot of在…脚下
at the moment= now现在
at any moment任何时候
at times(sometimes)有时,偶尔 
at the same time同时
7. for~ :
for example例如  for ever永远
be good for有益  be bad for有害
for long=for a long time长期 
for short 简称  be short for是…的简称
8. come ~ :
come true实现  come down下来
come from=be from来自,出生于
come in/into进入,进来  come on赶快,加油
come over过来  come along走吧,过来,快点
come and go来来去去  come up上来
come out出来,()开,(照片)冲洗出来
9. even ~ :
even though=even if?#35789;埂?#34429;然、尽管
10. be ~ with/ ~ of :
be pleased with感到满意
be covered with被…覆盖
be expected to do sth.被期望做某事
be proud of 自豪    be afraid of害怕
speak highly of 称赞
hear of听说 / (hear from sb.收到某人的来信)
of cause=certainly当然可以
plenty of= a lot of许多
11.by ~ :
by the way顺便说  by oneself单独,独自
by the end of为至  one by one?#26469;?br /> by the time(引起时间状语从句)的时候
by air/plane乘飞机 
by bus/train/car乘公共汽车/火车/轿车
相关:catch a bus赶公交车 
get on/off the bus上/下车 
take a bus to…=go to …by bus?#39034;?#21435;…
12.do ~ :
do/try one’s best尽力 
do one’s homework做家庭作业
do (the/some) shopping购物
do the cooking烹饪  do some cleaning打扫
do the/some washing洗?#36335;?nbsp; do sport做运动
do with sb / sth.处理   well done干得好
13.early ~ :
in the early morning一大早 
in the early spring初春  early bus早班车
in my early days我幼年时期
14. ~ to:
make a contribution to?#27605;?#32473;、捐献
make a telephone call to sb.=ring sb. up
=give sb. a call=phone sb.给某人打电话
connect A to B把A与B连接起来
be close to靠近(某地)   give birth to生(孩子)
lose to sb输给sb .
15.either ~ :
either…or…或者或者..
on either side of the street街道任何一边 / (on each side of the street街道每一边on both sides of the street街道两边)
16. ~ doing sth. :
keep doing sth.不停地做某事(不间断的连续)
keep on doing sth.坚持做某事(有间断的连续)
practise doing sth.练习做某事
enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事
finish doing sth.做完某事
go on doing sth.继续做某事(同一件事)
17.go ~ :
go on to do sth.?#24188;?#20570;某事(另一事)
go straight along 沿着一直往前走
go up/down上升/下降  go for a walk散步 
go over复习  go shopping买东西
go to the cinema去看电影  go well进展顺利
go off to=leave for动身(出发)前往 
go to work去?#20064;?nbsp; want a go 想试一试
18. ~ about :
talk about谈论   worry about担心
How / What about…?  …怎么样?
think about考虑
相关:think of 认为、想起、考虑、想到
think over仔细考虑   think out想出
19. ~ from :
from door to door挨家挨户
from time to time时时 
from now on从今以后  from then on 从那以后
be different from不同 
learn…from…学习
borrow…from …从…借….
相关:lend…to…借给
20.get ~ :
get dressed穿衣  get into进入
get/be lost丢失   get off/on/上车
get on well with sb.与某人相处得好
get out of从…出来   get warm 变暧
get ready for +n.做准备
get ready to do sth.准备做某事
get well康复  get a chance 有机会、得到机会
get/go to sleep(fall asleep)入睡
相关:(be asleep睡着)
21. look ~ :
look for 寻找   wait for等候
look after=take care of照看
look like看起来像    look the same看起来一样
look over检查,复习  look through温习,检查
look out小心,?#27704;?#21521;?#39274;?nbsp; look up向上看,查单词
look around环视  look forward to期望
22. ~ off :
set off出发、动身  put off推迟  turn off
take off(),(飞机)起飞   jump off跳离
keep off避开、不靠近  drop off放下(某物)
23. half ~ :
half a kilo半千克  half an hour半小时
in half分成两半    half of the day半天
24. ~ exercise :
do eye/morning exercises做眼保健/早操
take (more) exercise()参加体育?#22303;?/u>
an exercise book练习本
25. ~ in :
take part in参加  hand in上交
in hospital住院   in surprise吃惊地
in the sun在阳光下  in trouble处于困境
in a minute/moment马上
26. ~ on :
feed on为主食  live on继续活着
base on为根据  carry on坚持、继续下去
and so on等等  on the other hand另一方面
on foot步行
28.be ~ 介词:
be famous for..著名  be born出生
be excited about +n./V-ing感到兴奋
be interested in感兴趣
be amazed at..感到惊讶
be busy with sth.=be busy doing sth.忙于
29.move ~ :
move away移开   move to(搬)移到…
30.上网:
search the Internet上网
31.make ~ :
make sure 确信   make a dialogue编对话
make a mistake?#22797;?#35823;(by mistake由于疏忽)
make a noise吵闹   make faces做鬼脸
make friends (with)..交朋友
make room for给..让地方   make tea沏茶
make money赚钱   make a decision作出决定
32.use ~ :
used to do sth过去常常做某事
be used to doing sth.习惯于做某事
33. 丢三落四:
leave sth+介词短语(in some place) 把…落在某处
34. ~ to do sth. :
forget to do sth.忘记去做某事
encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事 ,
decide to do sth.决定做某事
allow sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事
35.hear ~ :
hear sb. to do sth.=hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人(正在)做某事
36. ~ with sth. :
help sb.(to)do sth.=help sb.with sth.帮助某人做某事    with one’s help在某人的帮助下
with pleasure乐意
37.寒/暑假:
the summer holiday(s)暑假
the winter holiday(s)寒假
38. ~ into :
step into走进   pour into倒入…
39. ~ first :
in the first第一  for the first time第一次
at first起初    a first language母语
first of all首先
40. ~ message :
leave a message for sb.给某人留条
give/take sb. a message给某人捎口信
41. take ~ :
take photos/pictures 照像  take away拿走
take out取出(work out算出)   take care当心
take medicine服药  take place发生
take one’s temperature?#21051;?#28201;
take one’s time别?#20598;?/u>  take a walk散步
42. learn ~ :
learn by oneself=teach oneself自学
learn by heart背熟
43. 一年半:
a year and a half(one and a half years)一年半
44. have ~ :
have a try尝试,努力   try out尝试、试验
find out/about?#39029;?/u>,查明  have no idea不知道
have a good/wonderful/great time玩得开心
have a (bad)cold()感冒
have a meeting/walk/watch开会/散步/比赛
have sports进行体育活动
have nothing/sth. to do with与..无(有)关
have (one’s) medicine服药
45. 提供:offer sb sth.给某人提供某物
46. 获?#20445;?u>win first prize
获一等奖
47. 全世界:all over the world
= around the world
= throughout the world
48. 各种各样的:all kinds of
49. 既不…也不…:neither… nor
50. 表示“并列”:
not only … but also …,不但…而且…
both… and …   …和…都
51. 越…越…:
the more , the better 越多越好
the taller, the better 越高越好
52. 一生:all one’s life
53. as ~ as :
as soon as        as if 好像
as soon as possible尽可能早地、尽快
as well = too    regard …as 当作
as much as至多,和一样多   as little as至少 ,
54. 无论…:no matter
55. 从那以后,此后一直:ever since
56. ~ so :
so far 到目前为止     or so大约
57. 表示“又,再”:
another two hours
=two more hours 又(再) 2个小时
58. 一周三次:three times a week
59. ~ number :
the number of…的数量
a (large/good/great) number of =large numbers of =many许多,大量的
60. less ~ :
less than少于   less and less 越来越少
62. 直到…才…:not…until…
63. like ~ :
be like像   feel like +n./V-ing想要  
like best最喜欢   would like to 想要
64. 24小时制:the 24 hour clock
65. ~ away :
wash away冲走  run away逃跑  take away带走
66. ~ long :
before long不久 long before=long ago很久以前
for long =for a long time长期
no longer = not any longer不再
67. more ~ :
more or less = about或多或少,大约
more than = over多于,超过
68. every ~ :
every year每年   every four years每隔四年
every other day每隔一天
everyday English/life日常英语/生活
69. next ~ :
next to紧挨着   next door隔壁,邻居
next year明年   next time下次
70. 收到来信:
receive/get/have a letter from sb.
= hear from sb.  收到某人的来信
71. 展览:on show = on display
72. 充满…:be filled with = be full of
73. 由于:thank to = because of
74. ~ day :
some day =one day(将来)某一天   all day终日 
day and night 日日夜夜  in a day or two一?#25945;?#20869;
in the old days从前,旧社会
from day to day (day after day)日复一日
the day before yesterday前天
the day after tomorrow后天
Tree Planting Day?#24425;?#33410;  Women’s Day妇女节
75. stop ~ :
keep/stop/prevent…(from) doing sth.?#20048;?阻止)…做某事
stop to do sth.停下来去做某事
stop doing sth.停止做某事
76. 很,非常:nice and +adj. = very +adj.
77. 名胜?#20598;#?u>a place (places) of interest

78. 表示“分数”:
three quarters of… …的四分之三
two thirds of… 三分之二的…
79. 信?#27599;ǎ篶redit card
80. 表示“人口增长”:
the increasing population增长着的人口
81. 旅行路线:a path of travel
82 . ?#36214;潁?u>point at / to

83. ~ sea :
by sea = by ship乘船       at sea在海上
by the sea = on the sea 在海边
84. 专心做某事:set one’s mind to do sth.
85 . 乘以…:multiply…by…
86. see ~:
See you! 再见     You see.你知道,你明白,你瞧
Let me see.让我想想  see sb. off给某人送行
see a/the doctor看病
87.表示“例举”:
some…others…  一些(人,物)…其他(人,物)…
one…another 一个..另一个(三者或以上 )
one…the other一个…另一个(总数二个)
88. ~ out :
be worn out穿旧,磨坏   check out核实,检查
write out写出   take sth. out of从…拿出/取出某物
89. in ~ :
in this way用这?#22336;?#27861;   in space在太空
in a few year’s time几年以后   
in and out of class在课内课外   
in the last fifteen minutes在最后十五分?#27704;?,
in the second half在下半场
later in one’s life在某人的后半生
in the air在空中      in the open air在户外
90. 打针:
give sb. an injection给某人打针
get an injection打针
91.去/到某地:
have been to去过某地  have gone to到某地去了
95. (随身)携带:take sth. with sb.
You’d better take an umbrella with you.
你最好带上雨伞
96.  prefer ~ :
prefer to= like…better than宁愿,更喜欢
prefer +doing/to do sth.喜欢做
Would/should prefer to do宁愿做。。。
prefer A to B  喜欢/愿意A而不喜欢/愿意B
prefer to do… rather than do…喜欢做而不喜欢
如:(I prefer to walk there rather than go by bus.我喜欢走着去那里,而不愿?#39034;?
prefer + 名词(代词) to do sth. 宁愿
如:(We prefer her not to come.我们宁愿她不来)
97. spend 金钱/时间 :
+ spend +time/money+(in) doing sth. 花费时间/金钱用来做…(in可省略)
+ spend + time/money+ on +sth.在…上花费时间/金钱
+ pay + money +for +sth.
= + cost + (sb.) + money 买…花费了…(钱)
It takes(will take/took) sb. time/money+ to do sth. 做…花费了某人…金钱/时间
98. 处理:do with + sb. / sth.
99. 介意/反对做…:
mind + if 从句:(Do you mind if I open the window?我开窗你不反对吧?)
mind + doing sth.:(Would you mind turning on the TV?打开电视你不反对吧?)
100. 表示“为什么”:
what…for? = why…?
(What do you learn English for? = Why do you learn English?)
101. 需要:
need + 名词/ doing
The students need some help.学生们需要帮助.
This pair of shoes needs mending.这双鞋需要修理.
102. 用来做…:
be used for+ sth./ doing sth. 被用来做...
be used as+sth. 被作为…使用
be used by sb.(动作执行者)  被…使用
103.制造:
be made of 由…制造
be made from由…制成
be made in+地点   某地制造
be made by+  由谁制造的
104. 国家:
more developed countries发达国家
less developed countries不发达国家
developing countries发展中国家
105. 值得…:
be worth + money 值…钱
be worth + doing sth. 值得做…
 
数据统计中!!
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