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中考英语任务型阅读理解20篇

时间:2012-12-28 18:23 来源: 编辑:井琳英 点击:
中考英语任务型阅读理解20篇

【内容解读】---(1)任务型阅读侧重语篇分析,剖析文章的“脉络”,即文章的结构或者框架。
---(2)阅读材料后题目设置多样化,考查学生多种能力。包括考查学生的思维能力、分析能力、词汇能力以及其他的语言深层挖掘能力等。
---(3)阅读题目设置有梯度,答题要求简练和规范。题目设置旨在围绕不同的阅读技能和语言应用而展开,涉及词性转换、词语释义、同意替换、语法结构、归纳演绎、结构分析、细节理解等。
【能力解读】---(1)不但要求掌握所读材料的主?#21363;?#24847;、中心思想,而且要求掌握文章中的详细事实与细节。   
---(2)不但要求对于具体事实情节的理解,而且要求对其抽象含义的理解,既要理解?#32622;?#24847;思,又要理解其深层含义,包括作者的态度、观点、意图等。   
---(3)既要求理解文章中某句、某段的含义及全文的逻辑关系,又要求根据其含义及逻辑关?#21040;?#34892;判断和推理。   
---(4)既要求考生能够运用材料中的信息去理解、分析问题;又要求考生能运用中学生应有的生活常?#24230;?#20998;析、理解问题。
【命题规律和趋势】---任务型阅读是一?#20013;?#30340;考查阅读理解能力的方式。主要是提供一篇文章,一幅或一组图表,要求学生根据文章或图表提供的信息,按照指令去完成一系列任务。这类题型主要考查学生对文学或图表等材料的理解能力,获取知识的能力和创新能力。任务型阅读是阅读理解中?#35759;?#36739;大的一类,它最能考查学生的英语综合运用能力。
新课程背景下英语中考命题以全面地考查学生的综合语言运用能力为宗旨,特别是要考查学生在具体情境中运用英语知识与技能的能力。任务型阅读正是新课程改革精神在中考中的体现。
【破解有道】---步骤(1)迅速浏览,明确任务。
---步骤(2)一一对应,紧扣原文。
---步骤(3)注意读写结合。
---步骤(4)认真检查。
Passage 1(2011,陕西,Ⅸ)
阅读下面短文,根据短文内容,完?#19978;?#21015;各题。
Bollywood: the Hollywood of India
You might be surprised to learn that India produces about 800 movies a year, and that number continues to grow. Just as the movie Capital of the United States is Hollywood, the movie capital of India is Bombay (?#19979;?, but it is usually called "Bollywood", a combination(结合) of the words Bombay and Hollywood.
No Bollywood movie is thought complete without a few songs and dances. In fact, music is an important part of Bollywood movies. Even a bad movie can still do well if the music is good. Music directors are sometimes more popular than the film stars. A Bollywood movie has five to six songs with at least three songs to show what the dances mean.
Bollywood may be different from Hollywood in music, but it is very like Hollywood in several ways. If Tom Cruise can hold a gun, so can the Bollywood hero Sharukh Khan. Hollywood stars are followed by news reporters just as often as Hollywood stars. The persona! lives of actors and actresses catch the headlines(头版头条), just as they do in the United States.
The Oscars are a very exciting time of the year for actors and actresses in America, Bollywood has its own form of the Oscars, and they are also very exciting.
71. The name Bollywood comes from the words _______________________.
72. Bollywood is a place where many ___________   are made each year,
73. In India, the film stars are sometimes______popular than music directors.
74. Every complete Bollywood movie has a few _______________________in them.
75. The Oscars in India are as_____as those in America though they are different.
Passage 2 (2011, 河北省, IX)
阅读短文,并按要求回答76-80题。
Several Asian hospitals are doing experiments with tele-medicine. Tele-medicine is a technology that allows doctors to "see" patients without them being in the same place. This is made possible through high-speed communication networks (网络).At both ends of the line, the
way of video-meeting lets them see and talk to each other. Blood pressure (血压) and body temperature are directly shown on computers.
Tele-medicine is already in wide use in some places such as the United States and Germany. Among other uses, village doctors hold "consultations (会诊)" with far-away experts(专家). The experts can also help them during operations.
Tele-medicine has been slow to reach Asia because of high costs, besides other reasons. When things improve, this technology will develop very fast. Chinese University of Hong Kong's medical school has joined a big hospital in Beijing, and Thailand is building a tele-medicine station connecting 20 areas.
Tele-medicine will do good to patients because doctors from different places can see them and give their medical advice. The help is quite important if the disease is an unusual one. It also helps spread medical knowledge among experts.
As tele-medicine develops well, its costs will be lower and it will become very popular in the medical field.
76题为判断正误(“T”表示正确,“F”表示错误);77完成句子;78—79题简略回答问题;80题将稳中划线句子译为汉语。
76. Tele-medicine is already in wide use in some countries. [ ]
77. Tele-medicine allows____________ without them being in the same place.
78. Why does tele-medicine develop slowly in Asia besides other reasons?
   _____________________________________
79. What is Thailand doing according to the passage?
   _____________________________________
80._____________________________________
Passage 3 (2011, 江苏徐州, 五)
阅读下面对话,按要求完?#19978;?#20851;任务。
Stephen will finish school this summer. He plans to find a job in UNICEF. Now he is being interviewed by a UNICEF worker.
(S: Stephen W: worker in UNICEF)
--- W: So, Stephen, please say something about yourself.
--- S: Well, I love children so much. My mother works in a primary school, so I learn a lot about children and I think this might be useful.
--- W: I’m sure it is. Do you speak many languages? Ours is an international organization and it’s quite often that we meet children from different countries.
--- S: Yes. I’m good at French and English. I’m taking Chinese at evening classes. I learned Japanese at school, too.
--- W: Excellent. 告诉我你为什么想得到这份工作。
--- S: Well, it sounds interesting, worker, like, experience, I, as , some, would, a , to, charity, get . Maybe one day I’ll set up my own charity.
--- W: I see. What are your characteristics, may I ask?
--- S: I’m patient, generous and easy-going.
--- W: Good. What do you think you could offer us, Stephen?
--- S: I think my knowledge of languages and personalities would be useful. I enjoy working with children and you can always believe me. I’m also fit and healthy.
--- W: What do you think your disadvantages are?
--- S: I’m not outgoing. I’m very shy when I first meet people. I find it difficult to talk to them and make conversation, but when I know people quite well I’m much more self-confident.
--- W: Thank you very much. Stephen. We’ll call you next week.
51. Where does Stephen’s mother work?  ________
52. Which language is Stephen taking at evening classes. English, Chinese or Japanese?_______
53. 将文中划线部分的单?#39318;?#25104;一个通顺的句子。______________________________
54. 将文中汉语“告诉我你为什么想得到这份工作。”译成英语。
55. What are Stephen’s advantages in asking for this job?(列出四个方面)________
Passage 4 (2011, 四川, I)
第一节 任务型阅读(共5小题。每小题1分,计5分)
Failure is what often happens. It is everywhere in our life. Students may fail in exams, scientists may fail in their research work, and players may fail in competitions. (A) Although failure happens to everyone, but different people’s attitudes(态度) towards failure are different.
Some people don’t think that their failure is an important thing at all. So they pay no attention to it. As a result, they will have the (B)       failure later. Some people think they themselves are fools and lose their hearts in everything after they get a failure. Then they(C)      
their time and energy on useless things. At last, they may really be fools as they have thought.
(D)Other people are quite different from these two kinds of people mentioned above. Instead of being hopeless and lost, they draw a lesson from every failure and become more experienced. (E) they, after, will ,hard, in, work, be , the, successful , end. So we should draw a lesson from every failure and become more experienced.
任务一: 65. (A)处句中有一处错误,请?#39029;?#24182;改正。(可用文?#20013;?#36848;)
                                                                            
任务二: 66. 在( B )、(C )处的横线上分别填上一个单词(B)         (C)           
任务三: 67. 将(D)处句子译成汉语:                                               。
任务四: 68. 将(E)处的单词连成句子:                                           
                                                                            
任务五: 69.请从下面的选项中给短文选个标题,将答案标号填在此横线上:             
A. Draw a lesson from every failure      B. The attitudes towards failure
C. Failure is everywhere in our life       D. Failure is very important
Passage 5 (2011, 广西,A)
任务型阅读:阅读短文,根据文章内容补全所给的五个残缺的句子。每空只填一词,请将单词填写在答题卡对应的横线上。(5小题,每小题1分,共5分)
    The summer holiday is coming, which can be a relaxing time for sleeping, eating good meals and seeing old friends. Try to take some time off from school and spend a few weeks of fun. Here are some ideas for planning your summer holiday.
    First of all, joining a club is a good choice! You can join a music club, a sports club or an art club. It’s good for your future development and the teachers in the club can give you good advice.
    Doing something good for society is also great. There are many volunteer(志愿的) programmes for you to choose from, such as looking after the old or the young, cleaning the streets, planting trees or keeping the traffic in order. You know that teens can also make the world better.
    Have you ever lived with another family? You can join in a programme called “Meeting a New Family”.Two families exchange their children for some time so that they can learn how to get on well with others.
    Summer camp is still popular today. An English summer camp may be a good choice. You can not only make friends but also practise your English.
81. The writer gives some ideas for ______your summer holiday.
82. to learn drawing, you can join an ______club.
83. Teens can make the world better by ______as volunteers.
84. In an English summer camp you can ______your English.
85.If you are one of the children in the programme “Meeting a New Family”,you ______live with you own parents for some time.
Passage 6(2011,沈阳,A)
What is it like being an actor? Many people think it must be wonderful because we travel to exciting places, wear beautiful clothes and (A)挣钱多. This is only one aspect(方面) of our lives though. We also work very hard.
I played a country girl in my last (B) movie. I had to live in a small village with the other actors for part of the winter. (C)It was really hard for me as I grew up in a city. To help me play a country girl better, I cooked for myself and the others every day. I even walked a few miles sometimes to get water, as there was none in the houses. I wanted to understand how a real village girl lived. I thought it was fun at first. I felt different after a week or two, though.
I did wear some beautiful traditional clothes, but they were not thick enough. I was very cold but I had to keep smiling all the time! One day, I couldn’t do it any longer and I suddenly (D) started crying, “Great!” said the director. “I like it. She is crying with true feelings!” I called my mum to tell (E) Her about it but my mobile phone (?#21482;? wouldn’t work in the village.
I think it is worth doing all this, though. I like it when people tell me they enjoy my plays and ask me to sign a picture. It is also fun to be someone else for a while. I’m very lucky to be an actor.
84.将文中划线部分(A)译成汉语:             
85.写出文中划线部分(B)和(D)的同义词或近义词:                         
86.将文中划线部分(C)改写为: It was really hard for me         I was a city      
87.文中划线部分(E)指代的是:              
88.从文中?#39029;?#26377;关赞美方面的两个形容词:                         
Passage 7 (2011,湖南,A)
翻译语篇 阅读下面的短文,将文中划线部分的句子做相应的英、汉互译。
The students were having their chemistry class. 66. Miss Li was telling the students what
water was like. After that, she asked her students, “What’s water?” No one answered. A few minutes later, Miss Li asked again, ”67. 你们为什么不回答我的问题呢?Didn’t I tell you what water was like?”
Just then a student put up his hand and said, “Miss Li, you told us that water has no color and no smell. However, where to find such kind of water? The water in the river behind my house is always black, and it has a bad smell.” 68. 大多数学生同意他的意见。
“I’m sorry, children.” said the teacher, 69. “Our water is getting dirtier and dirtier. That’s a problem. 70. We should do what we can to make the world cleaner.”
66.____________________________________________________________________________
67.____________________________________________________________________________
68.____________________________________________________________________________
69.____________________________________________________________________________
70.____________________________________________________________________________
Passage 8(2011,山东,四)
阅读短文,完成有关任务。
It is said that more than four million people die each year from smoking. That number is frightening.
Yet people around the world continue to smoke. In the United States, about forty-seven-million adults smoke. This year, more than 430,000 Americans died of diseases which have something to do with smoking. The American Cancer Society(美国癌症协会)says smoking harms the body greatly. It warns that smoking even a number of cigarettes is dangerous.
It’s (63) ______________________________(戒烟是不容易的。)However, doctors say you probably will live longer if you do stop smoking. You will feel better and look better. You also will protect the health of family members who breathe your smoke.
There is not one right way to stop smoking, doctors say. Any way can help. You can take long walks or spend time in places where smoking is not allowed. Also, you can eat a small piece of fruit or vegetable instead of having a cigarette. (64)The sooner you stop smoking, the more you’ll reduce (减少) your chances of getting cancer and other diseases.
Stop smoking before smoking stops you!
(一)根据短文内容,简要回答下列问题。
61. How many people die from smoking each year?
                                               
62. What does the American Cancer Society say about smoking?
                                               
(二)根据短文中所给汉语完成句子。
63. It’s______________________________________________________.
(三)?#35759;?#25991;中划线的句子翻译成汉语。
64. _________________________________________________________.
(四)给短文拟一个恰当的英文标题。
65. _________________________________________________________
Passage 9(2011,兰州,六)
    仔细阅读下面的短文并按要求完成后面的小题。
    It is said that about half of the people in China smoke. Many young boys and girls have the habit of smoking, though they are middle school students.
More and more people have come to realize how serious this problem is. But they are never bored with it. ?Some people think it is a kind of fashion, some think it is of great fun and others think that smoking can refresh themselves.
Smoking causes many illnesses. A lot of people always cough ?              smoking. The most serious illness caused by smoking is lung cancer. At the same time smoking is a waste of money. Besides, careless smokers may cause dangerous firs.
?众所周知,吸烟有害于人体健康。In order to keep healthy, we should get rid of the bad habit of smoking. Please stop smoking at once.
1. 将?句划线部分译成汉语:                                               
2. 在?句的空白处填入?#23454;?#30340;词使句意完整、上下文通?#24120;?nbsp;             
3. 将?句划线部分的汉语译成英语:                                        
4. 列出短文中提到的吸烟的至少两点危害:                                  
5. 该篇短文的主题是:                                                    
Passage 10
第二节 英汉互译 阅读下面的短文,将划线部分的句子译成汉语或英语。(共5个小题,每小题1分)
  Rich or poor, young or old, we all have problems.(70)We should learn how to deal with our problems. Here are some ways.
Firstly, we should learn to forget.(71)有时我们会生朋?#35757;?#27668;。Good friendships may be lost. Sometimes children have disagreements and decide not to talk to each other.(72)However, this usually does not last for long. This is an important lesson for us: we can solve a problem by learning to forget.
Secondly, we should regard problems as challenges. Many students often complain about school.(73)他们有太多的作业要做。They think the rules are too strict. Education is an important part of our development. As young people, it is our duty to try our best to deal with each challenge with the help of our teachers.
Don’t worry about our problems.(74)Let’s face the challenges.
70.____________________________________
71.____________________________________
72.____________________________________
73.____________________________________
74.____________________________________
Passage 11
阅读短文,用合适的单词填空。

In many parts of the world, there are four seasons: spring, summer, fall and winter. In the U.S., there are only three: football, basketball and baseball. That's not completely true, but almost. In every season, Americans have a ball. If you want to know what season it is, just look at what people are playing. For many Americans, sports do not just occupy the sidelines. They take center court.
Besides "the big three" sports, Americans play a variety of other sports. In warm weather, people enjoy water sports. Lovers of surfing, sailing and scuba diving flock to the ocean. Swimmers and water skiers also revel in the wet stuff. Fishermen try their luck in ponds, lakes and rivers. In winter sportsmen delight in freezing fun. From the first snowfall, skiers hit the slopes. Frozen ponds and ice rinks become playgrounds for skating and hockey. People play indoor sports whatever the weather. Racquetball, weightlifting and bowling are year-round activities.
For many people in the U.S., sports are not just for fun. They're almost a religion. Thousands of sports fans buy expensive tickets to watch their favorite teams and athletes play in person. Other fans watch the games at home, glued to their TV sets. The most devoted sports buffs never miss a game. Many a wife becomes a "sports widow" during her husband's favorite season. America's devotion to athletics has created a new class of wealthy people: professional athletes. Sports stars often receive million-dollar salaries. Some even make big money appearing in advertisements for soft drinks, shoes and even toiletries.

Passage 12
    Never go into a supermarket hungry! This is a good piece of advice. If you go shopping for food before lunchtime, you’ll probably buy more than you plan to. Unfortunately, however, just this advice isn’t enough for consumers these days. Modern shoppers need an education in how and how not to buy things at the store. First, you check the weekly newspaper ads. Find out the items that are on sale and decide if you really need these things. In other words, don’t buy anything just because it’s cheaper than usual! “New and Improved!” or “All Natural” on the front of a package influence you. Instead, read the list of ingredients (contents) on the back. Third, compare prices: that is, you should examine the prices of both different brands and different sizes of the same brand.
Another suggestion for consumers is to buy ordinary items instead of famous brands. Ordinary items in supermarkets come in plain packages. These products are cheaper because producers don’t spend much money on packing or advertising. The quality, however, is usually as good as the quality of well-known name brands. In the same way, in buying clothes, you can often find high quality and low prices in brands that are not famous. Shopping in discount clothing stores can help you save a lot of money. Although these stores aren’t very attractive, and they usually do not have individual dressing rooms, not only are the prices low, but you can often find the same famous brands that you find in high-priced department stores.
Wise consumers read magazine ads and watch TV commercials, but they do this with one advantage: knowledge of the psychology behind the ads. In other words, well-informed consumers watch for information and check for misinformation. They ask themselves questions: Is the advertiser hiding something in small print at the bottom of the page? Is there any real information in the commercial, or is the advertiser simply showing an attractive image? With the answers to these questions, consumers can make a wise choice.
main topic:suggestions for _____(1)___
suggestions Never go into a supermarket when you ___(2)__hungry! need an education in how and how not to buy things at the store buy ordinary items instead of  famous _(3)_. read ads with _(4)___of the psychology behind the ads.
_(5)_ for the suggestions It is _(6)_  to buy more than you plan to. consumers can make a wise __(7)_ the prices of __(8)_items are relatively low because producers spend__(9)_money on packaging ads sometimes don’t tell the __(10)_

Passage 13
阅读短文,用合适的单词填空。
                           
Trees should only be pruned when there is a good and clear reason for doing so and , the number of such reasons is small . Pruning involves the cutting away of overgrown and unwanted branches, and the inexperienced gardener can be encouraged by the thought that more damage results from doing it unnecessarily than from leaving the tree to grow in its own way.
First, pruning may be done to make sure that trees have desired shape or size. The object may be to get a tree of the right height, and at the same time to help the growth of small side branches, which will thicken its appearance or give it a special shape. Secondly, pruning may be done to make the tree healthier. You may cut out diseased or dead wood, or branches that are rubbing against each other and thus cause wounds. The health of a tree may be encouraged by removing branches that are blocking up the center and so preventing the free movement of air.
One result of pruning is that an open wound is left on the tree and this provides an easy entry for disease, but it is a wound that will heal. Often there is a race between the healing and the disease as to whether the tree will live or die, so that there is a period when the tree is at risk. It should be the aim of every gardener to reduce that risk of death as far as possible. It is important to make the area, which has been pruned, smooth and clean, for healing will be slowed down by roughness. You should allow the cut surface to dry for a few hours and then paint it with one of the materials available from garden shops produced especially for this purpose. Pruning is usually done in winter, for then you can see the shape of the tree clearly without interference from the leaves and also it is very unlikely that the cuts you make will bleed. If this does happen, it is, of course, impossible to paint them properly.
Pruning trees
A good gardener prunes a tree when (-1)_______.
(2)_______ for pruning trees. First, make the trees in (5) _______ shape or size.
Second, make the trees (6) _______.
One (3) _______ of pruning trees. An open wound (7) _______ easy (8) _______for disease.
Reduce
the (4) _______ of the death of a tree. Make the wound (9) _______ and clean.
Paint the wound (10) _______ it dries.

Passage 14
阅读短文,用合适的单词填空。
A new life on the university campus
I am a freshman of the English Department at Pujiang University. Life at the university is so exciting and challenging.
There are two campuses for our university: one is for freshmen and sophomores and the other is for juniors, seniors and graduate students. My campus is located on the outskirts of the city, which is a new one, very peaceful and free from the hustle and bustle of a metropolis. It is free from all sorts of distractions and diversions that most city dwellers find it hard to escape or ignore.
We have a three-day orientation programme about campus life for entering students, including a campus tour in which we can visit libraries, classroom buildings, language labs, the multimedia resource center, computer support services, the student club, and the sports stadium. We freshmen have access to all these resources and technical facilities on a regular basis. They are open to all students. As a matter of fact, we’re encouraged to make the most of the libraries and technical support services on the campus.
We all live on campus, as the school rules say that no freshmen should live off campus during the weekdays, unless the university authorities give permission. We prefer to eat in school cafeterias because there is a variety of foods on the menu, which changes every day. Besides, the food service is much better than that of most secondary schools. For one thing, our campus cafeterias are under the management of a professional food service company with an annually-renewable contract.
Being an English major, we have to speak English with our fellow students and English teachers most of the time. We are expected to speak English with all our English teachers whatever courses they teach. We’re also encouraged to speak English in the dorm area as much as possible. We are not quite used to this “ English only” environment, though. Anyway, we’re all trying very hard. It always takes us time to adjust to a new environment. We are given English lectures and talks which cover a variety of topics. We are encouraged to attend the free discussion session following each lecture or presentation. Most of the lectures are given by native-speakers, so at the beginning I have much difficulty in figuring out much of what they say. But I know they are very good for students majoring in English.
I like my life in the university and I experience a lot. I will try my best to make my life colourful.
Fill in each blank with a suitable word:
Our campus A three-day orientation programme Some school rules English majors
We have two campuses. My campus is
(1) l         on the outskirts of the city. It is a new one and very p         and free from the hustle and bustle of a metropolis. The programme about campus life for (3)e         students which includes visiting the (4)m         resource center, computer support services, and so on. The freshmen have (5)a         to all these resources and technical (6)          on a regular basis. We’re encouraged to use libraries and technical services on the campus. The school rules say that no (7)         should live off campus during the weekdays, unless the university authorities give (8)        . We eat in the campus cafeterias. We are not quite used to this “English only” (9)         . It always takes us time to (10)          to a new environment.

Passage 15
阅读短文,用合适的单词填空。

Asian American have become the fast-growing U.S minority in two decades. As their children began moving up through the nation’s schools, they became a main stream of a new class of academic achievers. Their achievements are reflected in the nation’s best universities, where mathematics, science, and engineering departments have taken on a decidedly Asian character. Their preference for mathematics and science is partly explained by the fact that Asian-American students who began their education abroad arrived in the U.S. with a solid foundation in mathematics but little or no knowledge of English. They are also influenced by the promise of a good job after college. Asians feel there will be less unfair treatment in areas like mathematics and science because they will be judged more objectively. And the return on the investment in education is more immediate in something like engineering then with an arts degree.
Most Asian-American students owe their success to the influence of their parents who are determined to make full use of what the American educational system has to offer. An effective measure of parental attention is homework. Asian parents spend more time with their children than American parents do, and it helps. Many researchers also believe there is something in Asian culture that results in success, such as ideals that stress family values and emphasize education.
Both explanations for academic success worry Asian American because of fears that they feed a typical racial image. Many can remember when Chinese, Japanese and Filipino immigrants were the victims of social isolation. Indeed, it was not until 1952 that laws were passed giving all Asian immigrants the right to citizenship.
Problem Asian Americans became a main _____1___ of a new class of academic achievers.
They do better in ____2_______, _____3_____ and engineering.
Reasons 1. Asians Americans have a solid ________4_______ in basic mathematics.
2. They are likely to find a good job and they think they will get ____5_____treatment if doing well in these areas.
3. They are __6__by their parents who take full __7___of American education system.
4. It is also believed that their success is due to Asian ____8______
Worry Asian Americans fear that they would be _____9____again from American society.
History Asian immigrants had no right to citizenship until _____10___

Passage 16
阅读下列短文,根据其内容完成后面各项任务。
Imagine this: your parents go away on business, but you have to stay at home alone. Would life be as easy as when your parents are around? Would it be a perfect holiday for you?
'”I can fill an empty stomach with tomato and egg soup, but that's all. I think many of my classmates are the same. We wouldn't know what to do, or how to look after ourselves," said Zheng Chenyu. "And I'd forget something important. I'd probably watch television and burn the soup. "
“As soon as I leave home, I'll learn to cook. But now parents do almost everything for us. We’re very lazy, "she said.
Most teenagers have only time for their homework. They don't learn any life skills until they go to college.
However, Sima Yige doesn't think so.
"I think I'd be all right. I wouldn't just eat sandwiches or fruit. I know how to cook, some sim¬ple dishes because my mum showed me," the 13 - year - old boy said. In his opinion, many teen¬agers depend too much on their parents, and there is much more to learn than cooking, like "tidying up your room or even dressing yourself properly."
For most teenagers it wouldn't be a holiday at all.
71. Why would Zheng Chenyu probably burn the soup?
    ________________________________________
72. When will Zheng Chenyu learn to cook?
      ________________________________________
73. Translate the underlined sentence "They don't learn any life skills until they go to college. " in this passage.   ________________________________________
74. The underlined phrase "depend too much" on in the passage means __________ in Chinese.
75. Would life be as easy for teenagers living alone as when their parents are around?
     ________________________________________

Passage 17(2011,山东,四)
阅读下列短文,根据其内容完成后面各项任务。
   Have you ever been to Taiwan? China’s biggest island? (1)你想到那里参观一下吗?We’ll show you the best of Taiwan island.
   A five-day tour.
                    (2)___________________________
  Only 5,000
  Including
  Round- trip plane tickets between Beijing and Taiwan.
  Bus service around Taiwan.
  Great tour guide service.
                 Places
   Sun Moon Lake
    A beautiful lake. A small island. On one side of the island, the lake looks like the sun, and on the other side it looks like the moon. (3) This is why people call it Sun Moon Lake.
Ali Mountain
The nearest mountain around Sun Moon Lake. A nice experience to have a party with
Gaoshan people. A wonderful place to see a very beautiful sunrise.
Penghu Lake
A great place for swimming, fishing, boating and eating delicious fruit and fresh fish.
Gao Xiong
A great place to spend a full day shopping.
             Book (预定) Now
Office hours:
Monday-Friday: 9:00a.m---7:00p.m
Saturday: 9:00a.m---4:00p.m
Tel: 6459—9561
Book by phone now for next month.
1. 将文中划线部分(1)的汉语句子译成英语。
 
2. 在文中划线部分(2)的空白处填入一个英语单词以说明所谈论的话题。

3. How many places can tourists visit in Taiwan seconding to this passage?

4. 将文中划线部分(3)的英语句子译成汉语。

5. How long is the office hour on Saturday?

Passage 18 (2011, 山东, B)
阅读下列短文,根据其内容完成后面各项任务。
  The students’ life today can be very stressful (紧张的). They are under pressure (压力) every day. They need a break from it. Parents should ask children to do something else. (4) ______ not let them relax in front of the TV. A hobby is the perfect answer.
  There are many different kinds of hobbies. Chess is a good example. It is a very enjoyable game and it also helps children develop their thinking skills.
  Collecting something is also a good hobby for children. A child can collect almost anything: key rings, stamps, postcards, old coins, etc. Many of these collecting can be both interesting and fun. They teach children a lot and broaden (益处). For example, gardening (). For example, gardening (园艺) is a useful hobby because it is a physical activity and it also teaches children about nature.
  (5) A hobby can be useful learning tool. Children may becomes experts in something if they really love their hobbies. Children will also learn to become more organized and make places. Hobbies will also teach children a lot about responsibility(责任).
6. 在文中划线部分(4)的空白处填入一个?#23454;?#30340;连词使句意完整连贯。

7. 在短文中?#39029;?#21487;以替换下面所给句子的一句话。
   It is a god hobby for children to collects something.

8.  How many kinds of hobbies can you find in this passage?

9. Why is gardening a useful hobby?

10 将文中划线部分(5)的英语句子译成汉语

Passage 19(2011,山东,A)
阅读短文,根据要求完?#19978;?#38754;各小题。
You many buy different things. Some, such as pencils, CDs or books, cost a little money; some cost a lot of money, bikes or toys, for example. (79) If you want to buy the right things for the right price, making a wise decision is very important. Making a good decision can save you money. So how can you make a good decision when you buy a product? (76)①_____________
Step 1: Know why you are buying a product
Before buying a product, think about
? how often and when you will use the product.
? what the main use of the product is.
? whether you need the product now or later.
Step 2: Research the product
If you have decided to buy it, you must want to buy the best one. You need to find out
? what companies make  the product.
? The different prices of the product.
? What others say shout the product.
? Where you can buy the product.
You can shop in stores, online, or in factory outlets(厂家供销店).
Step 3: Ask questions before you buy. For example, do I need to buy batteries?
These steps will help you become a smart shopper. (76)②_____________
Remember, knowing a lot makes you a wise shopper!
76. 从A、B、C中为(76)①②选出两个?#23454;?#30340;选项,并将其字母标号分别填在下面横线上。
A. If you follow them, you will get the best deal(交易).
B. Here are some steps you can take for wise shopping.
C. Knowing what others say about the product can help you make the decision.
①_ ____________      ②_____________
77. How many steps should you take before you buy a product?
_________________________________________________
78. Where can you buy the product according to the passage?
   _________________________________________________
79. 请把划线部分的句子译成汉语。
   _________________________________________________
80. Give a title(标题) to the passage.
   _________________________________________________

Passage 20(2011,黑龙江,A)
阅读下列短文,根据其内容完成后面各项任务。
Have you heard about “Survival (生存) Holidays”? “Survival Holidays” is for children to go into the lonely place for exciting activities. Now about 1,100 companies are allowed to take children into the great outdoors without their parents.
The reason why people like “Survival Holidays” is that they think being close to nature is good for children. Many children in big cities spend all time watching TV and playing computer games. “Survival Holidays” gives them an important change.
Is “Survival Holidays” a wonderful idea? Maybe it is. Children need more free time to play. They need to be left on their own, without adults disturbing (打扰) them. Parents care too much about their children. They like to see the children being busy with activities that are controlled by adults, but children don’t know  what to do when they are in danger. Even something like crossing a small river seems to be a hard challenge. Children are not comfortable with danger. Even small danger like getting their feet wet or falling down seems very terrible to them.
Many people think the survival activities are good for children. Even years later, they will still remember what they have learned. Some have learned to stay calm in different times. Some have learned how to keep safe. Others have learned how to work in a team. All these skills will help them a lot in their lives.
81. Is “Survival Holidays” for children or parents?

82. Why do people like “Survival Holidays”?

83. What do the children in big cities usually do?

84. How do children feel when they are in danger?

85. What can children learn in the survival activities?

答案解析

任务型阅读1
【文章大意】本文主要?#24425;?#20102;印度的?#32654;?#22366;电影信息。
71. Bombay and Hollywood . 【解析】由第一段可知答案。
72. films/movies. 【解析】通读全文可知这是一个关于电影的地方。
73. less. 【解析】根据形容?#26102;?#36739;级的反义词和句意可知答案。
74. songs and dances/dances and songs. 【解析】根据第二段最后一句可知。
75. exciting. 【解析】根据最后一段的第一句话可知答案。

任务型阅读2
【文章大意】本文主要介绍了远程医疗的运用及发展前景。
76. T【解析】由第二段第一句话可知答案是正确的。
77. doctors to “see”/ see patients【解析】由“Tele-medicine is a technology that allows...same place”可知:可以转换成doctors to “see”/see patients。
78.Because of high costs./ High costs【解析】由第三段的第一句话可知:因为高成本。
79. Thailand is building a tele-medicine station connecting 20 areas./ Building a tele-medicine station connecting 20 areas. 【解析】由第三段的最后一句话可知。
80. 当条件好转的时候,这项技术将会快速地发展。

任务型阅读3
【文章大意】Stephen 马上毕业了,打算找一份工作。这里?#24425;?#20102;他的面试情况。
51. She works in a primary school.从Stephen的第一句回答中可知。
52. Chinese. 从Stephen的第二句回答中可知。
53. as a worker, I would like to get some charities experience. 根据句子的结构和句意,组成此句子。
54. Tell me why you want to get this job. 根据祈使句的构成组成此句。
55. (1)She is patient, generous and easy-going
(2)She enjoys working with children.
(3). She is also fit and health
(4) .Her knowledge of languages and personalities would be useful. 根据Stephen的倒数第二句回答可知。

任务型阅读4
?#23616;髦即?#24847;】本文描述了不同行业的人对失败的态度和看法。
65. 去掉but 保留 Although,或去掉Although,保留but。          
66.(B) same ;(C)spend  (每空0.5分)
67. 另一些人与上面提及(谈到)的两种人大不一样(完全不同)。
68. After hard work, they will be successful in the end.或:They will be successful after hard work in the end.
69. B  

任务型阅读5
【文章大意】暑假即将到来,对于学生来说是放松的好时机。可供参考的假期计划有:参加各种俱乐部、当为社会服务的志愿者、去新的家庭体验和参加夏令营的活动。
81.planning/spending 82. art 83. working/serving 84. practice/practice/improve 85. won’t/can/t/don/t

任务型阅读6
【文章大意】主要?#24425;雋搜?#21592;职业的情况。
答案:84. make a lot of money 85. film; began 86. because; girl 87. mum 88. beautiful; wonderful

任务型阅读7
【文章大意】主要?#24425;?#20102;一节化学课讲关于水的问题。
答案:66.李老师正在讲水是什么样子的。
67. Why don’t you answer my question?
68. Most of the students agreed with her.
69.水变得越来越脏,这是个大问题。
70.我们应该做点什?#35789;?#19990;界变得更干净一些。

任务型阅读8
【文章大意】主要?#24425;?#20102;吸烟的害处及戒烟的方法。
61. More than four million people die from smoking each year.
62. The American Cancer Society says smoking harms the body greatly.
63. not easy to give up smoking.
64.你戒烟越早,就会更大的减少你?#21450;?#30151;?#25512;?#20182;疾病的风险。
65. Stop smoking before smoking stops you!

任务型阅读9
?#23616;髦即?#24847;】主要?#24425;?#20102;人们怎样去处理我们遇到的问题。
答案:1. 一些人认为是一种时尚,一些人认为是一种乐趣,其他的人认为提精神。
2. because of
3. As we all know, smoking does great harm to human beings.
4. (1)Smoking causes many illnesses.
(2)Smoking is a waste of money.
5. Smoking Is Harmful

任务型阅读10
?#23616;髦即?#24847;?#31354;?#31687;文章告诉我们用两种方法处理我们的问题:1. 学会忘记;2. 把问题当作挑?#20581;?br /> 70. 我们应该学会怎样处理问题。
71. Sometimes we are / have been / get / become / feel / angry with our friends. / Something we may be mad at our friends.
72. ?#27426;?#36825;种情况通常不会?#20013;?#24456;久。
73. They have too much work / homework (to do).
74. 让我们面对挑?#20581;?br />
任务型阅读11
?#23616;髦即?#24847;】?#24425;?#20102;美国一年四季当中的各种球类运动。
1.Sports 2.baseball 3.surfing 4.swimming 5.skating
6.indoor 7.racquetball 8.bowling 9.religion 10.person.

任务型阅读12
?#23616;髦即?#24847;】?#24425;?#20102;不要冲动购物。对消费者购物提出几点建议。
1.consumers/customers  2.feel/are 3. brands. 4. knowledge  5. reasons
6. probable  7. choice   8. relatively  9. less 10. truth

任务型阅读13
?#23616;髦即?#24847;】主要?#24425;?#20102;给树木剪枝的必要性和?#20040;Α?br /> 1. necessary   2.Reasons   3.result  4. risk   5.desired
6. healthier   7. providing   8. entry  9. smooth  10. afte

任务型阅读14
?#23616;髦即?#24847;】主要?#24425;?#20102;福建大学新生的新生活,包括校规,校园环?#24120;?#26032;生活动。
1. located  2. peaceful 3. entering 4. multimedia  5. access
6. facilities 7. freshmen 8. permission 9. environment 10. adjust

任务型阅读15
?#23616;髦即?#24847;】主要?#24425;?#26032;一带美国?#19988;?#21518;代的?#32469;?#38754;临的问题。
1. stream    2. mathematics     3. science    4. foundation     5. fair
6. influenced  7. advantage      8. culture     9. separated     10. 1952

任务型阅读16
?#23616;髦即?#24847;】文章主要?#24425;?#20102;想象一下?#25913;?#31163;开家后,孩子怎样去?#23637;?#33258;己的生活。他们需要掌握一些生活技能。
71. Because he can’t cook anything else. [解析]综?#31995;?#19968;段可知他不会做其他的东西。
72. As soon as he leaves home. [解析] 由原文第三段前两句“As soon as I leave home, I'll learn to cook.”得出答案。
73.,他们直到上大学才学会生活的技能。[解析] not---until---- 直到---才-----。
74. 过分?#35272;?#20110; [解析] too much 本意为“太多”, 在此为”太多?#35272;擔?#36807;分的?#35272;?rdquo;
75. No, it won’t.  [解析] Would引导的一般疑问句的答语。

任务型阅读17
1. Would you like to visit there?
2. Cost
3. Four
4. 这就是人们叫它日月潭的原因。
5.Seven hours

任务型阅读18
6. But
7. Collecting something is also a good hobby for children.
8. Three
9. Because gardening is not only a physical activity but also it teaches children about nature.
10. 一个爱?#27599;?#33021;成为有用的学习工具。

任务型阅读19
76. ①. B ②.A   77. 3/Three(steps)  78. In stores, online or in factory outlets   79. 如果你想用理想的价格买到物美价廉的物品,明智的决定是非常重要的。
80. How to be a wises/smart shopper/shop wisely.
What you should do to be a smart/wise shopper.
Steps to be a wise/smart shopper.

任务型阅读20
81. Children./ For children. / It’s for children.
82. Because they think being close to nature is good for children.
/Because they think the survival activities are good for children.
83. They usually watch TV and play computer games./To watch TV and play computer games./Watching TV and playing computer games./What they do is to watch TV and play computer games./What they do is watching TV and playing computer games.
84. They don’t know what to do./They feel uncomfortable (terrible)./Not comfortable.
/Uncomfortable./Terrible./ They don’t feel comfortable.
85. They can learn some survival skills. / They can learn to stay calm in different times, keep safe and work in team. (只给出其中一点赋1分,若时态写成完成时赋1分。)
注:只要学生答案符合文章原意,教师即可酌情赋分。



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