时间:2012-12-28 20:09 来源: 编辑:井琳英 点击:

Nearly all American students in colleges and universities pay for their education. There are many expenses. First of all, there is tuition (学费). At some schools, the tuition is very high, ten thousand dollars a year or more. At other schools, it may only be a few hundred dollars a year. At some community (社区) colleges, tuition is free. There are other expenses as well. Many students leave their homes to go to schools in other cities. They may live in dormitories or apartments ( flats), and they must pay for it. Finally, students must buy textbooks for their courses. Some families start saving money for their children’s education when the children are small. Many students work to save money for tuition. They can also get loans (贷款) from the government. They pay the money back to the government when they finish their education.
1. Which students pay for their education?
_______________ in colleges and universities pay for their education.
2. How much is the higher tuition?
It is _______________ or more.
3. Are there any free tuition colleges?
4.Why do many students live in dormitories or apartments?
Because they_______________.
5. What must students buy finally?
They must _______________.
6. When do many students pay back their loans from the government?
They pay them back_______________.

Some people want to be shot into space after their death, others want to lie deep under the sea. But most people want to go into the freezer(冷藏库).These are believers in cryogenics(低温冷冻学).
Now some diseases can’t be cured, but they may be cured sometime in the future. So some people hope that their bodies can be frozen after they die. When a cure is found, warm up his or her body, bring it back to life and take the cure. Once the body is frozen, it is kept in liquid nitrogen(液态氮) at a temperature of 328 degrees below zero.
Now around a thousand people are going to take cryogenic treatment(处理), though most scientists say it won’t work. If we freeze huge creatures(生物) like humans, every one of their cells(细胞) will be broken. Can they be brought back to life in the future?
7. Where do most people hope that their bodies are kept after their death?
8. Why do they want the world to keep their bodies well?
9. How do scientists usually keep a dead man’s body?
10. How many people are going to take cryogenic treatment after they die?
A rich man was once riding along the road and saw an old man digging in his garden. On the ground lay a young tree, ready to be planted. The rich man called out to the old man, “What kind of tree are you planting there, my good man?”
“This is a fig(无花果) tree, sir. ” He said.
“A fig tree?” the rich man was very surprised, “Why, how old are you, may I ask?”
“I am ninety years old.”
“What!” cried the rich man, “You’re ninety years old. You are planting a very young tree now and it’ll take years to give fruit. You certainly don’t hope to live long enough to get any fruit from this tree. ” The old man looked around the garden. Then he said with a smile, “Tell me, sir. Did you eat figs when you were a boy? ”“Sure,” the man did not know why he asked this question. “Then tell me this,” he said, “Who planted the fig trees?” “Why-why? I don’t know.” “You see, sir.” went on the old man,“Our forefathers(祖先) planted trees for us to enjoy and I am doing the same for the people after me.”
The rich man was quiet and said, “You are right,my good man. We should do some things for the people after us. Thank you very much.”  Then he rode away.
11.What tree was the old man planting when the rich man saw him?
12. How old was the old man?
13. The old man was planting the tree to get himself some fruit to eat,wasn’t he? Who was he planting the tree for?
14. Did the rich man eat figs when he was a boy?
15. What should we do for the people after us? 

In general,laws for children are a good thing.
One hundred years ago in industrial countries, children worked 18 hours a day in a factory at age seven. The factory owner could beat a child who fell asleep or was not fast enough. Both parents and teachers could do the same.
Today, there are many laws about children all over the world. Some people think children must obey rules or they should be punished,others do not agree. The Inuits or Eskimos in Alaska almost never punish their children. The parents don’t hit them. If the children go too far,the parents punish them by making fun of them.
Children in other parts of the world are not as lucky as Eskimo children. American parents can spank(打……臀部) their children at home,but a teacher cannot hit a child in a public school. This is also true in Germany. In contrast(对比), it is against the law for anyone to hit a child in Sweden. Swedish parents cannot spank their children. The children also have a special government official who works for their rights. There is even a plan for children to divorce from their parents though this is not a law yet!
16. How were children treated in industrial countries 100years ago?
17. What does the author mean by “go too far?”
18. Can a teacher in Germany hit his students in public school?
19. What kind of people can beat children in Sweden?
20. What does it mean by “a plan for children to divorce from their parents?”
Sydney is a young city. Its history goes back just over 200 years. But in Australia, it is the oldest city. It is also the country’s largest city. Sydney is the capital of New South Wales and the most populous(人口稠密的) city of Australia.
The climate(气候) of Sydney is very good. It’s not too cold during the winter and not too hot during the summer. The sky is blue,the air is fresh(清新的), birds sing in the garden. People who live in Sydney seem to have an easy life style. They will tell you, “Don’t worry. ”
Many people think that Sydney is one of the most attractive cities in the world. It has many tall and modern buildings. Among them, Centrepoint Tower is the tallest. Standing on the 305--metre(80 storeys) tower, you will have a great view(视野) of the city.
Sydney is famous for its deep harbor(港口) .The harbor has many bays(湾) and beautiful surf beaches. Among them, Bondi beach is the most popular. Sydney Harbor is not only beautiful, it also serves as a large port. Ships carry wool, wheat and meat from Sydney to other countries.
People living in Sydney like to call themselves Sydneysiders. They are mostly friendly and easygoing. When they are not working, they love to have a good time at the beach, swimming and sailing.
21. How old is Sydney?
。 ________________________________________
22. How is the climate of Sydney?
。 ________________________________________
23. How tall is Centrepoint Tower?
。 ________________________________________
24. What is Sydney famous for?
。 ________________________________________
25. What do people living in Sydney love to do when they are not working?
。 ________________________________________

F 简答实例

John Smith was an old porter. He worked at the station. Every day he was busy carrying heavy things for the people. He was careful with his work. He was kind to everyone. He was always ready to help others.
One morning he stood in the station. He was waiting for the train. Just then he saw a man running towards the trains with a big bag in his hand.
“No train is starting. Why is he in such a hurry?” the old man thought to himself.
He went up to the man and asked, “May I help you?”
As soon as the man saw the porter, he stopped running.
“Can I catch the 10:35 train to London?” the man asked. He looked worried.
The old porter looked at him for a few seconds and said, “Well, sir. I’d like to help you, but I can’t answer your question because I don’t know how fast you can run.”  Then he explained to the man, “The 10:35 train to London left five minutes ago. Can you run fast enough to catch it?”
1. What was John’s job?
2. Where do you think the man was going?
3. Why did the man run towards the trains and look worried?
4. What time was it when the man got to the station?
5. What do you think of John Smith?

John Brown, an office worker, lives in Washington, He inherited(继承) $ 1,000, 000 when he was 23. He didn’t feel happy at all. His college friends were looking for their first jobs, but he didn’t have to. John decided to keep living a simple life like everyone else. He didn’t tell any of his friends and gave $ 100, 000 of his money to a charity(慈善团体) that helped poor children to live better lives, but he is much happier.
Up to now,John has helped 15 children from poor coun¬tries all over the world, $ 200 a month for each. The child does not receive the money in cash(现金). The money pays for the child’s school expenses, food, medical care and cloth¬ing. John receives a report each year on the child’s progress. They can write to each other, but usually the children do not speak English.
When John first heard about these children, he wanted to help them. “It was not anything special,” he said, “Until I had the chance to go to these countries and meet the children I was helping, I did not know anything about the type of life they had.”
Once John went to meet a little girl in Africa. He said that the meeting was very exciting. “When I met her, I felt very very happy,”  he said, “I saw that the money was used for a very good plan. It brought me closer to the child in a way that giving money alone cannot” “ I want to do every¬thing I can. I will go on helping those children in need, “he added.
1. What kind of life is John living?
He is living a _______________________..
2. Did John want to look for a job or stay at home after he got the money?
3. Does John only help the poor children in Africa?
4. The child receives the money in cash, doesn’t he?
5. Why did John say that the meeting with the little girl was very exciting?
Because he saw his money was well used and this made him_____________.
6.. How do you like John Brown?
He is_______________________



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