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2012中考英语完形填空专项复习及答案(2)

时间:2012-12-21 11:44 来源:建通教育中考资讯网 编辑:何老师 点击:

2012年中考英语完形填空专项复习及答案

  Who designed (设计) the first helicopter (直升飞机)? Who __1__ of the most famous pictures in the world? Who knew more about the human body than most __2__? There is an answer __3__ all these questions --- Leonardo de Vinci (达芬奇)。

  Leonardo may have been the greatest genius (天才) __4__ have ever known. He lived in Italy around the year 1500, but many of his inventions seem modern to us today. For example, one of his notebooks has drawings of a helicopter. Of course, he couldn’t __5__ a helicopter with the things he had. But scientists say his idea would have worked.

  But Leonardo __6__ an inventor. He was one of the greatest artists of his day. By the time he was twenty years old, he was called a master ( 大师) painter, and as he got older he became __7__ more famous. Sometimes he drew a hand ten different ways __8__ he was ready to paint.

  Many of Leonardo’s wonderful paintings are still with __9__ today. You may know one of his most famous works the __10__ woman known as the Mona Lisa.

  1. A. tookB. madeC. paintedD. invented

  2. A. artistsB. doctors C. painters D. people

  3. A. toB. of C. for D. from

  4. A. the scientistsB. the artistsC. the worldD. people

  5. A. draw B. paint C. workD. build

  6. A. was justB. wasn’t justC. wasn’tD. was no longer

  7. A. less B. noC. even D. very

  8. A. before B. afterC. because D. when

  9. A. himB. usC. themD. you

  10. A. interestingB. cryingC. smilingD. surprising

  1.C。为了引出话题人物━━达?芬奇,这里引用了设问?#22336;ǎ?#38382;题应表示“是谁画了世界上最著名的画”,故选择动词painted。

  2.B。对人体比较了解的莫过于医生了,将达?芬奇与医生相比才能显示其对人体的精通。故选择doctors。

  3.A。介词to常表示一一对应的关系,“问题的答案”习惯表达为an answer to a question。

  4.D。达?芬奇应是世人所知道的天才中最伟大的人,the world 一般指每个人,相当于第三人称单数,故people为正确选项。

  5.D。draw和paint不合文意, work为不及物动词,不能直接接宾语。在那个时代,达?芬奇所不能做的应是制造飞机,故选择build。

  6.B。这一句起承上启下的作用,意为“达?芬奇不仅仅是一名发明家”,故选择 wasn’t just。

  7.C。less和no不合文章,very不能用来修饰比较级,而even常用来修饰比较级,意为“甚至更……”,故为正确选项。

  8.A。为了使自己的画达到最高境界,应在画这幅画之前去尝试不同的画法,所以应选before。

  9.B。达?芬奇的画今天依然保存在世,为本文作者以及读者所共享,所以应选us。

  10.C。达?芬奇的名作━━Mona Lisa以画中人物面部神秘的微笑而名扬天下,故选smiling。

  Once, a king showed two men a large basket in the garden. He told them to fill it with water from a well. After they __1__ their work, he left them, saying, “When the sun is down, I will come and see your work.”

  At last one of them said, “What’s the use of doing this foolish work? We can __2__ fill the basket.” __3__ man answered, “That is none of your business.” The first man said. “You may do as you like, but I am not going to work at __4__ so foolish.” He __5__ his bucket and went away. The other man said no word, and kept on carrying __6__. At last the well was almost __7__.

  As he poured the last bucket of water into the basket, he saw a bright thing in it. He picked it up. It was a beautiful gold ring. Just then the king came. __8__ he saw the ring, he knew that he had found the kind of man he wanted. He told him to keep the ring for himself. “You __9__ so well in this little thing,” he said, “ __10__ now I know I can believe you with many things.”

  1. A. finishedB. didC. beganD. had. no

  3. A. The otherB. AnotherC. OneD. A second

  4. A. anything B. somethingC. nothing D. everything

  5. A. picked upB. put awayC. took awayD. threw away

  6. A. waterB. basketC. wellD. work

  7. A. fullB. emptyC. filledD. clean

  8. A. WhileB. As soon asC. BeforeD. Since

  9. A. have doneB. will doC. doD. are doing

  10. A. whatB. whyC. whenD. that

  名师点评

  本文?#24425;?#20102;一个国王为了考验两个人,让他们往篮子里打水,?#39029;?#30340;人不遗余力地往空篮子里打水,直到国王归来。结果不仅获得了一枚金戒指,而且得到了国王的信任。

  答案简析

  1.C。这里did和finished都表示完成了这项工作,而给篮子装满水是不可能的,国王应在两人开始打水后不久离开,所以应选began。

  2.B。往篮子里盛满水是永远不可能的,故选择never。

  3.A。两者中的另一个用the other加名词来表示。

  4.C。the first man想离开,因为他觉得自己干的是无用功,故选择nothing意为“?#37038;?#26576;项工作”。

  5.D。pick up意为“捡起”,pick away意为“放好”,take away意为“取走”,而throw down意为“扔掉、丢弃”,比较贴近文意,为正确选项。

  6.A。根据文意,另一个人一直在打水,故选water。

  7.B。不停地打水必然会导致井空,故选empty。

  8.B。while引导从句时,从句应用?#26377;?#24615;动词,before和since不符合文意,as soon as…表示“一……就”为正确选项。

  9.A。国王是因为这个诚实的人所做过的事情而表扬他,所以应用完成时态have done。

  10.D。国王讲的最后一句话是含有 “so……that”结构的复合句,意为“如此……以致”故选that。

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