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中考英语完形填空训练专家

时间:2012-12-28 18:37 来源: 编辑:井琳英 点击:
中考英语完形填空训练专家

  Many people think that Americans   1   their cars almost more than anything else. When   2__ people are fourteen years old, they want to have their __3_  cars. They don’t ask for a car from their   4__. So many of them work in  _5_  time during their last year of high school to buy a car. Learning to   6 _ and getting a driver’s license may be one of the most exciting things in a young person’s life.
  Some people almost   7 _ go to a doctor when they are ill. But they will __8_  their cars to a garage as soon as they think there is a   9  . On Saturdays or Sundays some people may   10   most of their time washing and repairing their cars.
1. A. prefer  B. love  C. drive  D. play
2. A. little  B. big    C. old     D. young
3. A. new   B. own    C. expensive  D. cheap
4. A, friends  B. teachers  C. parents   D. brothers
5. A. free   B. busy  C. study    D. good
6. A. make  B. mend  C. wash   D. drive
7. A. always  B. never  C. often    D. usually
8. A. take   B. carry  C. pull      D. lift
9. A. question  B. wrong  C. mistake   D. problem
10. A. cost  B. get  C. spend     D. use
名师点评
  本文介绍了美国人尤其是年轻人对于轿车的厚爱,并列举了一些事例加以说明。让人们看到了一个发达国家的富裕和人民生活的繁荣。
答案简析
1. B。通过下文的事例不难看出美国人对汽车不是一般的喜欢,故用love it,较贴近文章的意思。
2. D。按常识,十四五岁的人应称为年轻人,故应说young。
3. B。根据下文他们不想通过索要来获取别人的小轿车,而是想拥有自己的小汽车,故选own。
4. C。如果说想要索要小汽车的话,那只有先从父母亲那儿开始了,故应选parents。
5. A。十四五岁的年轻人大多在上学,所以工作?#21152;?#30340;应是上学期间的空隙,故应选free。
6. D。要想获得驾照得先学开车,故应选drive。
7. B。与下文“车子一?#24418;?#39064;就去修理”相对应,有些人病了却从不看医生,故应选never。
8. A。carry应为“搬运”,push 为“推”,lift 意思为“举,提起”都不合文意,take sth. to 某地,意为“把……带到……”。
9. D。只能选择一个名词, 表示汽车的“?#25910;?毛病”, 故选problem。
10. C。spend some time doing sth.为一个固定搭配,意为“花时间干某事”。


  Who designed (设计) the first helicopter (直升飞机)? Who __1__ of the most famous pictures in the world? Who knew more about the human body than most __2__? There is an answer __3__ all these  questions --- Leonardo de Vinci (达芬奇).
  Leonardo may have been the greatest genius (天才) __4__ have ever known. He lived in Italy around the year 1500, but many of his inventions seem modern to us today. For example, one of his notebooks has drawings of a helicopter. Of course, he couldn’t __5__ a helicopter with the things he had. But scientists say his idea would have worked.
  But Leonardo __6__ an inventor. He was one of the greatest artists of his day. By the time he was twenty years old, he was called a master ( 大师) painter, and as he got older he became __7__ more famous. Sometimes he drew a hand ten different ways __8__ he was ready to paint.
  Many of Leonardo’s wonderful paintings are still with __9__ today. You may know one of his most famous works the __10__ woman known as the Mona Lisa.
1. A. took   B. made  C. painted  D. invented
2. A. artists  B. doctors   C. painters   D. people
3. A. to   B. of   C. for           D. from
4. A. the scientists B. the artists C. the world  D. people
5. A. draw    B. paint    C. work   D. build
6. A. was just  B. wasn’t just C. wasn’t   D. was no longer
7. A. less   B. no  C. even    D. very
8. A. before   B. after  C. because   D. when
9. A. him   B. us  C. them   D. you
10. A. interesting B. crying  C. smiling  D. surprising
名师点评
  本文介绍了堪称世界上最?#25353;?#30340;天才——达?芬奇在发明、艺术等方面为人类所作的巨大贡献,文章层次?#32622;鰨?#36890;俗易懂。
答案简析
1.C。为了引出话题人物━━达?芬奇,这里引用了设问?#22336;ǎ?#38382;题应表示“是谁画了世界上最著名的画”,故选择动词painted。
2.B。对人体比较了解的莫过于医生了,将达?芬奇与医生相比才能显示其对人体的精通。故选择doctors。
3.A。介词to常表示一一对应的关系,“问题的答案”习惯表达为an answer to a question。
4.D。达?芬奇应是世人所知道的天才中最?#25353;?#30340;人,the world 一般指每个人,相当于第三人称单数,故people为正确选项。
5.D。draw和paint不合文意, work为不及物动词,不能直接接宾语。在那个时代,达?芬奇所不能做的应是制造飞机,故选择build。
6.B。这一句起承上启下的作用,意为“达?芬奇不仅仅是一名发明家”,故选择 wasn’t just。
7.C。less和no不合文章,very不能用来修饰比较级,而even常用来修饰比较级,意为“甚至更……”,故为正确选项。
8.A。为了使自己的画达到最高境界,应在画这幅画之前去尝试不同的画法,所以应选before。
9.B。达?芬奇的画今天依然保存在世,为本文作者以及?#29747;?#25152;共享,所以应选us。
10.C。达?芬奇的名作━━Mona Lisa以画中人物面部神秘的微笑而名扬天下,故选smiling。


  Once, a king showed two men a large basket in the garden. He told them to fill it with water from a well. After they __1__ their work, he left them, saying, “When the sun is down, I will come and see your work.”
  At last one of them said, “What’s the use of doing this foolish work? We can __2__ fill the basket.” __3__ man answered, “That is none of your business.” The first man said. “You may do as you like, but I am not going to work at __4__ so foolish.” He __5__ his bucket and went away. The other man said no word, and kept on carrying __6__. At last the well was almost __7__.
  As he poured the last bucket of water into the basket, he saw a bright thing in it. He picked it up. It was a beautiful gold ring. Just then the king came. __8__ he saw the ring, he knew that he had found the kind of man he wanted. He told him to keep the ring for himself. “You __9__ so well in this little thing,” he said, “ __10__ now I know I can believe you with many things.”
1. A. finished  B. did  C. began  D. had
2. A. ever   B. never  C. easily  D. no
3. A. The other  B. Another C. One  D. A second
4. A. anything  B. something C. nothing  D. everything
5. A. picked up B. put away C. took away D. threw away
6. A. water  B. basket  C. well  D. work
7. A. full   B. empty  C. filled  D. clean
8. A. While  B. As soon as C. Before  D. Since
9. A. have done B. will do  C. do  D. are doing
10. A. what  B. why  C. when  D. that
名师点评
 本文?#24425;?#20102;一个国王为了考验两个人,让他们往篮子里打水,?#39029;?#30340;人不遗余力地往空篮子里打水,直到国王归来。结果不仅获得了一枚金戒指,而且得到了国王的信任。
答案简析
1.C。这里did和finished都表示完成了这项工作,而给篮子装满水是不可能的,国王应在两人开始打水后不久离开,所以应选began。
2.B。往篮子里盛满水是永远不可能的,故选择never。
3.A。两者中的另一个用the other加名词来表示。
4.C。the first man想离开,因为他觉得自己干的是无用功,故选择nothing意为“?#37038;?#26576;项工作”。
5.D。pick up意为“捡起”,pick away意为“放好”,take away意为“取走”,而throw down意为“?#25317;簟?#20002;弃”,比较贴近文意,为正确选项。
6.A。根据文意,另一个人一直在打水,故选water。
7.B。不停地打水必然会导致井空,故选empty。
8.B。while引导从句时,从句应用?#26377;?#24615;动词,before和since不符合文意,as soon as…表示“一……就”为正确选项。
9.A。国王是因为这个诚实的人所做过的事情而表扬他,所以应用完成时态have done。
10.D。国王讲的最后一句话是含有 “so……that”结构的复合句,意为“如此……以致”故选that。


  Food is very important. Everyone needs to __1__ well if he or she wants to have a strong body. Our minds also need a kind of food. This kind of food is __2__. We begin to get knowledge even __3__ we are very young. Small children are __4__ in everything around them. They learn __5__ while they are watching and listening. When they are getting older, they begin to __6__ story books, science books…, anything they like. When they find something new, they love to ask questions and __7__ to find out answers. What is the best __8__ to get knowledge? If we learn by ourselves, we will get __9__ knowledge. If we are __10__ getting answers from others and do not ask why, we will never learn well. When we study in the right way, we will learn more and understand better.
1. A. sleep  B. read  C. drink  D. eat
2. A. sport  B. exercise C. knowledge D. meat
3. A. until   B. when  C. after  D. so
4. A. interested  B. interesting C. weak  D. better
5. A. everything B. something C. nothing D. anything
6. A. lend   B. read  C. learn  D. write
7. A. try   B. have  C. refuse  D. wait
8. A. place  B. school  C. way  D. road
9. A. little   B. few  C. many  D. the most
10. A. often  B. always  C. usually D. something
名师点评
  本文说明了知识的重要?#35029;?#20171;绍了一个人学习知识的过程以及获取知识的最佳途径,是一篇可?#21015;?#36739;强的文章。
答案简析
1.D。本句承接上文,进一步强调食物的重要?#35029;?#35201;有强壮的体魄得吃得好,故选eat。
2.C。根据下文,大脑所需要的食物应为knowledge。
3.B。按常理一个人在小的时候就开始学习了,所以应用when引导这里的时间状语从句。
4.A。小孩对知识的?#37038;?#20027;要依靠于他们对事物产生的兴趣,?#39318;閎e interested in sth 表示“对……感兴趣”,而interesting用来形容令人感兴趣的事物,故选择interested。
5.B。孩子们在耳听眼观的过程中经常会学到一些东西。everything过于绝对化 ,nothing、anything 不合文意,应选 something。
6.B。随着年龄的增长,孩子们开始read各类书籍而不是write,learn在这里搭配不当。
7.A。孩子们在学习过程中发?#27835;?#39064;时,由于求知的欲望,应尽力去解决问题,故选择try。
8.C。本段主要就学习方法展开讨论,该句应为总括句,空?#29366;Φ比?#24212;填入ways。
9.D。与后面的方法比起来,作者认为独立自主的学习为最佳方法,最佳方法?#27604;?#24212;使人获得最多的知识,故选择the most。
10.B。be always doing sth 意为“总是干某事”。


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